1950s Quebec was a province clearly divided between the haves and the have-nots. Almost everything having to do with power -- as in electricity, hydro-power -- was under an anglo thumb. With British and American corporations controlling the means of production, French Canadians ended up paid less and holding fewer positions of power. There was mention of assimilating them into anglo-culture. Francophones were the butts of jokes and the target of discrimination.
For decades, Quebecois nationalist movements had pushed for autonomy. They knew that empowerment came in the form of electrical companies. One premier of Quebec, Adelard Godbout, called the Anglo-Canadian-owned hydro companies an "economic dictatorship." Hydro-Quebec, a government-owned corporation, was established in the forties to curb that monopoly and lower the cost of electricity. But this didn't drastically change the political or social landscape for the French Canadian identity. For true